Kramer, Martin. “The Sharifian Propaganda of Eugène Jung.” In The Hashemites in the Modern Arab World: Essays in Honour of the late Professor Uriel Dann, edited by Asher Susser and Aryeh Shmuelevitz, 31-46. London: Frank Cass, 1995.Abstract

A study of the early French champion of Arab nationalism, Eugène Jung.

The Sharifian Propaganda of Eugène Jung (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Congresses.” In The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World, edited by John L Esposito, 1:308-11. 1st ed. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995. Online access ($)Abstract

A brief survey of efforts to convene pan-Islamic congresses in the 20th century.

Congresses (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “The Impact of Militant Islam on the Arab-Israeli Peace Process.” In Terrorism: Domestic and International Challenges, 33-38. New York: Anti-Defamation League, 1994.Abstract
An assessment of the prospects of Hezbollah and Hamas in their effort to derail the peace process of the mid-1990s.
The Impact of Militant Islam on the Arab-Israeli Peace Process (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Fundamentalism and the Middle East.” The Sydney Papers 6, no. 3 (1994): 121-29.Abstract
An examination of the role of Islamic fundamentalism in the Middle East, with reference to the theories on the clash of civilizations.
Fundamentalism and the Middle East (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Hizbullah: The Calculus of Jihad.” Bulletin of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 47, no. 8 (1994): 20-43. Calculus of Jihad (pdf)
Also appeared here: Martin Kramer, “Hizbullah: The Calculus of Jihad,” in Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance (= The Fundamentalism Project, vol. 3), eds. M. Marty and R.S. Appleby (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993), pp. 539-56.
Kramer, Martin. “Islam in the New World Order.” In Middle East Contemporary Survey 1991, edited by Ami Ayalon, 15:172-205. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993. Google BooksAbstract
A survey of inter-Islamic affairs in the year 1991, notable for the aftermath of the first Iraq war.
Islam in the New World Order (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Mu’tamar.” In Encyclopaedia of Islam, 7:764-765. 2nd ed. Leiden: Brill, 1993.Abstract
An account of pan-Islamic congresses in modern history.
Mu’tamar (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Where Islam and Democracy Part Ways.” In Democracy in the Middle East: Defining the Challenge, edited by Yehudah Mirsky and Matt Ahrens, 31-40. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Pollicy, 1993.Abstract

Why the interpretation of Islamist movements as democracy movements in disguise reflects wishful or biased thinking

Where Islam and Democracy Part Ways (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Arab Nationalism: Mistaken Identity.” Daedalus 122, no. 3 (1993): 171-206. Publisher's Version Arab Nationalism: Mistaken Identity (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “The Invasion of Islam.” In Middle East Contemporary Survey 1990, edited by Ami Ayalon, 14:177-207. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1992. Google BooksAbstract
A survey of the events relating to inter-Islamic relations in 1990, with an emphasis on the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.
The Invasion of Islam (pdf)
Middle Eastern Lives: The Practice of Biography and Self-Narrative
Kramer, Martin. Middle Eastern Lives: The Practice of Biography and Self-Narrative. Syracuse, N.Y. Syracuse University Press, 1991. Publisher's VersionAbstract

An impressive array of scholars, biographers, and critics from the disciplines of anthropology, history, political science, and psychology explore the diversity of approaches both to writing biography and to reading self-narratives.

Introduction (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “The Moral Logic of Hizballah.” In Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich, 131-57. Washington, DC: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1990.Abstract
An examination of the debate within Hizballah over suicide bombings and hostage-taking.
The Moral Logic of Hizballah (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Surveying the Middle East.” Asian and African Studies 24, no. 1 (1990): 89-107.Abstract

A study of the 20th-century genre of survey writing about the contemporary Middle East, with examples from France, Britain, Italy, and Israel.

Surveying the Middle East (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. Hezbollah's Vision of the West. Washington, DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, 1989.Abstract

The foreign hostages in Lebanon are living reminders of the challenge posed to the West by Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed movement of fundamentalist Lebanese Shi’ites. Hezbollah has conducted its operational campaign with a great measure of strategic and tactical savvy. Yet its ideologues understand and represent its struggle as a war without borders whose aim is to redraw the map of the Middle East and ultimately fashion an Islamic world order.

In this Policy Paper, Martin Kramer ascribes the origin of Hezbollah’s hostile vision of the West not only to the policies of Western governments, but to Hezbollah’s own ideological and theological tenets. Kramer offers a broad discussion of  authority in Hezbollah; an analysis of Hezbollah’s vision of an Islamic world order; an account of its presentation of the United States, Israel, Western Europe, and the Soviet Union; and reflection on the centrality of ideas in Hezbollah’s rise and subsequent development.

Hezbollah's Vision of the West (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Review of Bernard Lewis, The Political Language of Islam.” Middle East Review 21, no. 3 (1989): 63-64. Review of Lewis, The Political Language of Islam (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “Arabistik and Arabism: The Passions of Martin Hartmann.” Middle Eastern Studies 25, no. 3 (1989): 283-300. JSTORAbstract

A study of the role of the German Orientalist Martin Hartmann in advocating for the cause of Arab nationalism before the First World War, based in part on his private papers.

Arabistik and Arabism: The Passions of Martin Hartmann (pdf)
Kramer, Martin. “La Mecque: la controverse du pèlerinage.” Maghreb-Machrek, no. 122 (1988): 38-52.Abstract
Juillet 1987: manifestation à la Mecque de pèlerins iraniens, reconstitution des faits à partir de versions contradictoires.
Kramer, Martin. “La morale du Hizbollah et sa logique.” Maghreb-Machrek, no. 119 (1988): 39-60.Abstract
Comment la vision présentée par le Hizbollah d'un nouveau Liban islamique s'articule-t-elle sur la justification des moyens d'action extraordinaires que ne peut être fondée sur la seule efficacité révolutionnaire, mais doit aussi être conforme aux qui ne principes musulmans universels? Après l'examen de la structure peut du « parti de Dieu » et la revue de ses principaux porte-parole, l'article analyse en détail les justifications présentées de deux grands types d'action : les opérations suicide, les prises d'otages et détournements d'avions. Pour l'instant, le premier débat est clos avec le développement d'actions militaires classiques, le second traduit une difficulté croissante à justifier toutes les la formes de prises d'otages, mais le succès de certaines opérations, et les divisions au sein de la coalition comme le silence des autorités religieuses iraniennes empêchent toute prise deposition définitive. Le Hizbollah demeurant convaincu que sa victoire finale résoudra la crise libanaise, et étant dans l'impossibilité d'y parvenir par des moyens conventionnels, le débat en son sein n'est pas prêt de prendre fin. La postface rappelle les grandes lignes de la rhétorique générale du cheikh Fadlallah et situe le débat moral dans la tension entre deux rationalités : stratégique et éthico-juridique, dont les rapports constituent un dilemme indépassable, sauf par la dénégation de son existence même.
La morale du Hizbollah et sa logique (pdf)
Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution
Kramer, Martin. Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1987.Abstract
Shi'i movements have developed highly original strategies of political action. These methods have had their greatest success in Iran but have inspired other Shi'is, in both the Arab world and South Asia. The aim of this book is twoford: to assess the present situation of mainstream (Twelver) Shi'ism in each part of this world and to measure the effect of Iran's Revolution throughout it. Proceedings of a conference held at Tel Aviv University in December 1984. 
Editor's introduction (pdf) مقدمه ویرایشگر (pdf)

The book appeared in an unauthorized Persian translation under the title تشیع، مقاومت و انقلاب in 1989-90. This is the source of the Persian translation of the editor's introduction.

Kramer, Martin. “Syria's Alawis and Shi'ism.” In Shi'ism, Resistance and Revolution, edited by Martin Kramer, 237-54. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1987.Abstract

An analysis of the effort by Syria's politically dominant Alawi minority to secure legitimation as Muslim, and the resistance to that effort by Syria's Sunni majority.

Syria's Alawis and Shi'ism (pdf) העלווים והאסלאם השיעי (pdf) علویان سوریه وتشیع (pdf)
The English pdf is the reprint from Kramer's collected volume Arab Awakening and Islamic Revival (1996). The Hebrew translation appeared in a collected volume published in 1991. The Persian translation appeared in a Persian translation of Shi'ism, Resistance, and Revolution, published in Tehran in 1989-90.