Rachel M. McCleary is Lecturer, Economics Department, Harvard University, and Visiting Scholar, American Enterprise Institute. Rachel holds a doctorate in moral philosophy, University of Chicago. Rachel's scholarly work in philosophy focuses on issues of moral agency, consciousness, and reasoning. She is currently writing a book on conscience in Thomas Aquinas and Sigmund Freud. She researches the nature agency for beatified and canonized children and youth by the Catholic Church as martyrs. Her contributions to the study of the political economy of religion examine the influence of religious beliefs and practices on human productivity, economic growth, and the maintenance of political institutions such as democracy.