I study international trade politics in the twentieth century.
I recieved a PhD in History from Harvard University in 2017, and I previously recieved a master's degree in History from the University of Oxford. My master's thesis examined a debt-relief program in the League of Nations targeting farmers in Central and Eastern Europe. I am currently a lecturer in the College of Humanities at the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.
Contact me at email@example.com
I am currently completing a monograph, International Trade Politics in Transition, 1900-1930, which is a comparative study of trade policy during and after the First World War. It focuses on four Europeans who advanced competing visions of international economic order: Lucien Coquet, a French commercial lawyer and publicist; Bernhard Harms, a German theorist of “world economy”; Hubert Llewellyn Smith, a British trade official; and Richard Riedl, a leader in the Vienna Chamber of Commerce. In the 1920s, they all embraced new multilateral methods in order to address the same core problems: the marginalization of Europe in global markets, the use of private commerce as a tool of military power, and the collapse of continental empire in Central and Eastern Europe. They pursued very different solutions to these problems, based on distinctive assessments of their countries’ national interests, but they did so through common institutional channels. This process of competitive innovation produced a system of rules and information based in the League of Nations that left a durable organizational legacy. I show that the 1920s was a pivotal transition phase between the bilateral treaty system that underpinned the first globalization of the nineteenth century and the institutionalized regime of international governance that supported the “re-globalization” of recent decades. I emphasize that the international trade regime that emerged after the First World War enabled both large-scale cooperation and confrontation. Thus, while Brexit and current US trade policy are both articulated as a rejection of multilateral trade governance, my account suggests that they are also characteristic products of it.
I have also begun work on a new project that traces the dispersion of migration policy accross a range of international economic institutions in the early twentieth century. I assess how this process of technical segmetation created new gaps and inequalities between different kinds of economic migrantion.