Ever since the Carter Administration began appointing female and minority judges in large numbers, scholars have sought to measure their impact. In this Article, I focus on a different, but equally important question: what is the background and ideology of female and minority judges and how has this changed over time? I address this issue empirically by analyzing quantitative data on United States district court judges from Presidents Lyndon Johnson through Barack Obama. My findings are twofold: First, I show that the professional and educational characteristics of female and minority judges have historically differed from those of white male judges, but these differences have narrowed over time, particularly when it comes to education. Second, I present evidence showing that, even though professional and educational differences have narrowed, female and minority judges still bring a different ideological viewpoint than do white male judges, being on average more left-leaning in their ideology. These findings reframe existing discussions about descriptive representation in the courts and suggest that female and minority judges more than ever tend to share professional and educational backgrounds with white or male judges, but still bring a different, albeit more liberal, perspective.
maya_sen(2) You *must* have a webpage. (3) Your webpage must at least have a CV and at least one working paper or chapter (full PDF, not excerpts) posted. There must be an abstract to which I can refer. 3/n
maya_senJust some ground rules: (1) I'll be tweeting for the month of September, the start of the job market season in political science (so feel free to mute if cutting-edge political science research isn't interesting) 2/n
maya_senPSA! As in the past two years, I'll be tweeting out the research of female and minority job market candidates in law and political science. Let me know if you want your work (or those of your students!) promoted! 1/n