China Economic Growth and Environmental Policy

2020
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Wenhao Hu. 2020. “Analyzing carbon price policies using a general equilibrium model with household energy demand functions.” In Measuring Economic Growth and Productivity. Cambridge, MA: Academic Press.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, Wenhao Hu, and Dale Jorgenson. 2020. “Effective labor supply and growth outlook in China.” China Economic Review, 61.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, Wenhao Hu, and Dale Jorgenson. 2020. “Estimating flexible consumption functions for urban and rural households in China.” China Economic Review, 61.
2019
Jing Cao, Mun Ho, Yating Li, Richard Newell, and William Pizer. 2019. “Chinese residential electricity consumption estimation and forecast using micro-data.” Resource and Energy Economics, 56, Pp. 6-27.
2017
Mun S. Ho, Zhongmin Wang, and Zichao Yu. 2017. China's Power Generation Dispatch. Washington, DC: Resources for the Future.
2016
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Govinda R. Timilsina. 6/2016. “Impacts of Carbon Pricing in Reducing the Carbon Intensity of China’s GDP”. Publisher's VersionAbstract

In contributing to global climate change mitigation efforts as agreed in Paris in 2015, China has set a target of reducing the carbon dioxide intensity of gross domestic product by 60-65 percent in 2030 compared with 2005 levels. Using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model of China, this study analyzes the economic and greenhouse gas impacts of meeting those targets through carbon pricing. The study finds that the trajectory of carbon prices to achieve the target depends on several factors, including how the carbon price changes over time and how carbon revenue is recycled to the economy. The study finds that carbon pricing that starts at a lower rate and gradually rises until it achieves the intensity target would be more efficient than a carbon price that remains constant over time. Using carbon revenue to cut existing distortionary taxes reduces the impact on the growth of gross domestic product relative to lump-sum redistribution. Recycling carbon revenue through subsidies to renewables and other low-carbon energy sources also can meet the targets, but the impact on the growth of gross domestic product is larger than with the other policies considered.

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7735

Mun S. Ho. 5/2016. “Commentary: Environmental Policy Issues in the “New Normal” Era of China.” Resources, no. 192, Pp. 8-10. Publisher's Version
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Huifang Liang. 2016. “Household Energy Demand in Urban China: Accounting for Regional Prices and Rapid Income Change.” Energy Journal, 37, SI1, Pp. 87-110. Draft

Draft was presented at 3rd EAAERE Conference, Huangshan, February 2013 and RUSE 2nd International Workshop, Beijing June 2013 (with Cao and Liang).

2015
Mun S. Ho and Zhongmin Wang. 1/15/2015. “Green Growth for China?” Resources, no. 188. Publisher's Version
2012
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Dale W. Jorgenson. 2012. “Reconciling Control of Carbon and Air Pollution with Economic Growth in China.” In The Chinese Economy: A New Transition by Masahiko Aoki and Jinglian Wu (eds.), Pp. 231-256. Palgrave Macmillan U.K. Book
2010
Mun S. Ho and Karen Fisher-Vanden. 2010. “Technology, Development and the Environment.” Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 59, 1, Pp. 94-108.
2009
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, Dale W. Jorgenson, Ruoen Ren, Linlin Sun, and Ximing Yue. 7/2009. “Industrial and Aggregate Measures of Productivity Growth in China, 1982-2000.” The Review of Income and Wealth, 55, s1, Pp. 485-513. Earlier draft
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Richard Garbaccio. 2009. “China's 11th Five-Year Plan and the Environment: Reducing SO2 Emissions.” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 3, 2, Pp. 231-250.
Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Dale W. Jorgenson. 2009. “The Local and Global Benefits of Green Tax Policies in China.” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 3, 2, Pp. 189-208.
2008
Mun S. Ho and Dale W. Jorgenson. 9/2008. “Greening China: Market-based policies for air-pollution control.” Harvard Magazine 111 (1). Publisher's Version
2007
Mun S. Ho and Karen Fisher-Vanden. 1/2007. “How Do Market Reforms Affect China's Responsiveness to Environmental Policy?” Journal of Development Economics, 82, 1, Pp. 200-233.
2006
Shuxiao Wang, Mun S. Ho, J. Hao, J. Li, and Y. Lu. 2006. “Intake fractions of industrial air pollutants in China: Estimation and application.” Science of The Total Environment, 354, Pp. 127-141.
2003
Dale W. Jorgenson and Mun S. Ho. 10/2003. Air pollution in China: Sector Allocation of Emissions and Health Damage. China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development. Report
Mun S. Ho and Dale W. Jorgenson. 10/2003. Market policies to control air pollution in China. China Council for International Cooperation on Environment and Development. Report

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