|Paper Slides||9.57 MB|
Date Presented:13-16 July
The paper focusses on the relationship between the theology of divine voluntarism, the place of the Prophetic miracle, and the conception of modal contingency and the habits of nature as developed within the theological school of Kalām. This is contrasted to the Greek necessitarian philosophy of nature and its implications upon a theology of determinism. Historically, while evidence points to the fact that the first conception promoted observational experimentation and a philosophy of science founded upon an empirical a priori, the latter seems to have been responsible for keeping science within the boundaries of a hypothetical presupposition that is more akin to Aristotelian natural philosophy. In this paper, we primarily focus on the flowering of the theology of Kalām in fifteenth century Samarqand by tracing the full development of constructivism, as an alternative epistemology to Greek realism. To do that we primarily focus on Ali Qushji’s Sharh Tajrid al-Kalām. Qushji one of the greatest theologians and mathematicians, has been recently discovered in Western academia in connection to Copernicus and the scientific revolution in astronomy.