Dr. Michael Young is a Neurologist at Massachusetts General Hospital and Associate Director of the MGH Neurorecovery Clinic. He completed an internal medicine internship at Massachusetts General Hospital followed by Neurology residency and fellowship at Mass General Brigham and Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital specializing in longitudinal care of patients recovering from severe brain injuries and disorders of consciousness. His research examines ethical dimensions and philosophical frameworks underlying standards of care in medicine and neuroscience, and as a member of the Lab for NeuroImaging of Coma and Consciousness (NICC) and Center for Neurotechnology and Neurorecovery (CNTR), is devoted to improving clinical translation of novel neurotechnologies to detect, predict and improve recovery of consciousness in patients with neurologic disorders in settings of diagnostic and prognostic uncertainty. He received his M.D. from Harvard Medical School with Honors, Magna Cum Laude, where he was awarded the Rose Seegal Award for Research, the Henry K. Beecher Prize in Medical Ethics, and the Neil Samuel Ghiso Fellowship for Compassionate Medical Care. In 2013-2014, he completed a Student Fellowship in the Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology and Bioethics at Harvard Law School, and was a Fellow in the Department of Philosophy at Harvard University. He is the recipient of an Early Career Scholar Award from the American Society of Bioethics & Humanities, as well as the Pollard Prize from the Yale Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics. In 2019, Dr. Young was selected as a member of the Academy of Neurology Palatucci Advocacy Leadership Forum, and in 2020 was selected as the recipient of the AAN H. Richard Tyler Award. Prior to arriving at Harvard, Young completed an M.Phil in philosophy from the University of Cambridge as a Gates Cambridge Scholar, focusing on philosophical issues relating to medicine and the mind. His research is supported by the NIH BRAIN Initiative and American Academy of Neurology.
Email: michael.young [at] mgh.harvard.edu
Young MJ, Bodien YG, Giacino JT, Fins JJ, Truog RD, Hochberg LR, Edlow BL. The Neuroethics of Disorders of Consciousness. Brain. Oxford University Press. 2021.
Young MJ, Edlow BL. The quest for covert consciousness: Bringing neuroethics to the bedside. Neurology. March 2021.
Young MJ. Compassionate Care for the Unconscious and Incapacitated. American Journal of Bioethics. January 2020.
Young MJ, Regenhardt R, Leslie-Mazwi T, Stein M. Disabling Stroke in the Already Disabled: Ethical Dimensions and Directives. Neurology. January 2020.
Young MJ, Regenhardt R, Sokol L, Leslie-Mazwi T. When Should Neuroendovascular Care for Patients with Acute Stroke Be Palliative? AMA Journal of Ethics. Forthcoming.
Young MJ, Caplan RA, Connolly I, Matiello M, Mateen FJ. Closed-Eye Visual Hallucinations associated with Clarithromycin. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. March 2021.
Regenhardt RW, Turner AC, Hirsch JA, Young MJ et al. Sex-specific differences in presentations and determinants of outcomes after endovascular thrombectomy for large vessel occlusion stroke. J Neurol. 2021
Young MJ, Edlow BL. Emerging Consciousness at a Clinical Crossroads. AJOB Neuroscience. Forthcoming.
McEntire, C.R., Song, K.W., McInnis, R.P., Rhee, J.Y., Young, M.J, Williams, E., Wibecan, L.L., Nolan, N., Nagy, A.M., Gluckstein, J. and Mukerji, S.S., 2021. Neurologic Manifestations of the World Health Organization's List of Pandemic and Epidemic Diseases. Frontiers in neurology. 2021
Regenhard R, Young MJ, Etherton MR, Das AS, Stapleton CJ, Patel AB, Lev MH, Hirsch JA, Rost NS, Leslie-Mazwi TM, Toward a More Inclusive Paradigm: Thrombectomy for Stroke Patients with Pre-Existing Disabilities. Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, BMJ Publishing. 2020.
Regenhard R, Young MJ, Leslie-Mazwi TM. Is the COVID-19 pandemic magnifying disparities in stroke treatment? Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery, BMJ Publishing. Forthcoming.
Young MJ, O'Hare M, Matiello M, Schmahmann J. SARS-CoV-2-accelerated neurodegeneration? Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in a man with COVID-19. Brain, Behavior and Immunity. 2020.
Sokol, L.L., Hauser, J.M., Lum, H.D., Forlizzi, J., Cerf, M., Caprio, F.Z. and Young, M.J., Goal-Concordant Care in the Era of Advanced Stroke Therapies. Journal of Palliative Medicine. May 2020.
Young MJ. Brain-Computer Interfaces and the Philosophy of Action. AJOB Neuroscience. January 2020. Invited Editorial.
Sokol L, Young MJ, Paparian J, Lum H, Besbris J, Kluger B, Kramer N, Lang A, Espay AJ, Dubaz OM, Miyasaki J, Matlock DD, Simuni T, Cerf M. Advance Care Planning in Parkinson’s disease: Ethical Challenges and Future Directions. Nature Partner Journals (npj) Parkinson's Disease. November 2019.
Young MJ, Lin D, Hochberg L, Brain-computer interfaces and restoration of function in neurorehabilitation. Seminars in Neurology. Forthcoming.
Young MJ, Scheinberg E. The Rise of Medical Crowdfunding: Promises and Perils. JAMA. March 2017.
Urman, A., Wang C., Scheinberg E., Young, MJ. Harnessing AI for health equity in oncology research and practice. Journal of Clinical Oncology 36(30_suppl):67. October 2018.
Young MJ. Consciousness as a Vague Predicate. AJOB Neuroscience. October 2017.
Sokol L, Shapiro D., Young MJ, Wise AH, Hadelsberg UP, Kaufman Y, Espay AJ, and Merola A. The Parkinson Care Advocate: Integrating Care Delivery. Frontiers in Neurology. July 2017.
Young MJ, Pham JL. Improving the Nexus between Generalists and Specialists: Democratizing Clinical Insights. Healthcare: The Journal of Delivery Science and Innovation. December 2016.
Sokol L, Young MJ, Jankovic J, Counseling at-risk Parkinson’s disease cohorts: Integrating Emerging Evidence. Current Genetic Medicine Reports. June 2017.
Young MJ, Bursztajn H. le Moi et la Rencontre Thérapeutique (Selfhood and the Therapeutic Encounter). Éthique, médecine et politiques publiques. Elsevier. October 2016.
Young MJ. Peering into Vulnerable Genes: Genetic Risk and Population Screening. Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics. Johns Hopkins University Press. January 2016.
Young MJ. Mirror Synesthesia and the Limits of Misidentification. Philosophy, Psychiatry & Psychology. September 2018.
Young MJ, Bioenhancements and the Telos of Medicine. Medicine, Healthcare and Philosophy. November 2015.
Sokol L, Young MJ, Espay A, Postuma R. Cautionary Optimism: Caffeine and Parkinson's disease risk. Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders. June 2016.
Young MJ. Pathologies of Thought and First-Person Authority. Philosophy, Psychiatry & Psychology. September 2018.
Young MJ, Lehmann LS. “Undocumented Injustice? Medical Repatriation and the Ends of Health Care” New England Journal of Medicine. February 13, 2014.
Young, MJ, Scheinberg E, and Bursztajn H. "Direct-to-patient laboratory test reporting: balancing access with effective clinical communication." JAMA. June 2014.
Young MJ “Ethics and Ontology in Deep Brain Stimulation” AJOB Neuroscience. January 2014.
Sisti D, Young MJ, Caplan AL. “Defining Mental Illnesses: Can Values and Objectivity Get Along?” BMC Psychiatry. December 2013.
Young MJ, Brown S, Truog R, Halpern SD. “Rationing in the Intensive Care Unit: To Disclose or Disguise?” Critical Care Medicine, January 2012.
Young MJ, Sisti D, Rimon-Greenspan H, Schwartz J, Caplan AL. “Immune to Addiction: The Ethical Dimensions of Substance Abuse Vaccines” Nature Immunology. June 2012.
Young, MJ. “Whistle my Son” Harmony Magazine for Medical Humanities. July 2011.
Genes, Identity and Clinical Ethics under Conditions of Uncertainty, with Wolf-Brom R., Stein M., Bursztajn H., in Genetic Discrimination: Transatlantic Perspectives on the Case for a European Level Legal Response, Quinn G., Paor A., Blanck P., eds., Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. In Press
Assistive Technologies, with Young M., Sears A., O’Young B., in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Pocket Companion, Friedman J., Gonzalez-Fernandez M., Marlis G., eds. Demos Medical Publishing. 2011.
Ethical dimensions of vaccines against substance abuse. M.J. Young, D.A. Sisti, H Rimon-Greenspan, J.L. Schwartz & A.L. Caplan, Ashgate Library of Essays on the Ethics of Emerging Technologies., Caplan A., Parent B., eds., Ashgate Publishing.
Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - The Shoulder: Anatomy, Pathology, and Diagnosis, in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Secrets (4th Edition) with M Young, C Caldera, M Tunis, M Cowling, B Bukovitz, Elsevier, Forthcoming.
For inquiries, contact: michael.young [at] mgh.harvard.edu