U.S. Food Aid and Civil Conflict


Nunn N, Qian N. U.S. Food Aid and Civil Conflict. American Economic Review. 2014; 104 (6) : 1630-1666.
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We study the effect of U.S. food aid on conflict in recipient countries. Our analysis exploits time variation in food aid shipments due to changes in U.S. wheat production and cross-sectional variation in a country's tendency to receive any U.S. food aid. According to our estimates, an increase in U.S. food aid increases the incidence and duration of civil conflicts, but has no robust effect on inter-state conflicts or the onset of civil conflicts. We also provide suggestive evidence that the effects are most pronounced in countries with a recent history of civil conflict.

Last updated on 09/29/2018