Ocular complications of perioperative anesthesia: a review

Citation:

Rohan Bir Singh, Tanvi Khera, Victoria Ly, Chhavi Saini, Wonkyung Cho, Sukhman Shergill, Kanwar Partap Singh, and Aniruddha Agarwal. 2021. “Ocular complications of perioperative anesthesia: a review.” Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol.

Abstract:

Ocular complications associated with anesthesia in ocular and non-ocular surgeries are rare adverse events which may present with clinical presentations vacillating between easily treatable corneal abrasions to more serious complication such as irreversible bilateral vision loss. In this review, we outline the different techniques of anesthetic delivery in ocular surgeries and highlight the incidence and etiologies of associated injuries. The changes in vision in non-ocular surgeries are mistaken for residual sedation or anesthetics, therefore require high clinical suspicion on part of the treating ophthalmologists, to ensure early diagnosis, adequate and swift management especially in surgeries such as cardiac, spine, head and neck, and some orthopedic procedures, that have a comparatively higher incidence of ocular complications. In this article, we review the literature for reports on the clinical incidence of different ocular complications associated with anesthesia in non-ocular surgeries and outline the current understanding of pathophysiological processes associated with these adverse events.