Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital


Putnam RD. Bowling Alone: America’s Declining Social Capital. Journal of Democracy. 1995;6 (1) :65-78.


Reprinted in revised form as “Bowling Alone, Revisited” in The Responsive Community, , vol. 5, no. 2 (Spring 1995), pp. 18-33. Reprinted in Sources: Notable Selections in Sociology, Kurt Finsterbush and Janet Schwartz, eds. (Brown and Benchmark: Guilford, CT, 1995) and Sociological Footprints, Jeanne Ballantine, ed. (Wadsworth: Belmont, California, 1996). Excerpted in National Voter (League of Women Voters) 45 (September/October 1995): 9-11; American Association for Higher Education Bulletin 48 (September 1995): 3-6; The American Legion (American Legion) 139 (November 1995): 27, 70, 75; Friendly Exchange (Farmers Insurance Group) (Winter 1995); Wingspread Journal (Johnson Foundation) 17 (Autumn 1995): 4-7; People (September 25, 1995): 125-128; MacNeil-Lehrer Newshour; NPR “Soundprint; NPR “Morning Edition.” Longer version appears in Participation East and West: Comparisons and Interpretations, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Marilyn Rueschemeyer, and Bjorn Wittrock, eds. (ME Sharpe: Armonk, New York: 1998).