A decision-aid tool for ICU admission triage is associated with a reduction in potentially inappropriate intensive care unit admissions

Citation:

Joao Gabriel Rosa Ramos, Otavio T Ranzani, Beatriz Perondi, Roger Daglius Dias, Daryl Jones, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho, Irineu Tadeu Velasco, and Daniel Neves Forte. 2019. “A decision-aid tool for ICU admission triage is associated with a reduction in potentially inappropriate intensive care unit admissions.” J Crit Care, 51, Pp. 77-83.

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Intensive care unit (ICU) admission triage occurs frequently and often involves highly subjective decisions that may lead to potentially inappropriate ICU admissions. In this study, we evaluated the effect of implementing a decision-aid tool for ICU triage on ICU admission decisions. METHODS: This was a prospective, before-after study. Urgent ICU referrals to ten ICUs in a tertiary hospital in Brazil were assessed before and after the implementation of the decision-aid tool. Our primary outcome was the proportion of potentially inappropriate ICU referrals (defined as priority 4B or 5 referrals, accordingly to the Society of Critical Care Medicine guidelines of 1999 and 2016, respectively) admitted to the ICU within 48 h. We conducted multivariate analyses to adjust for potential confounders and evaluated the interaction between phase and triage priority. RESULTS: Of the 2201 patients analyzed, 1184 (53.8%) patients were admitted to the ICU. After adjustment for confounders, implementation of the decision-aid tool was associated with a reduction in potentially inappropriate ICU admissions using either the 1999 [adjOR (95% CI) = 0.36 (0.13-0.97)] or 2016 [adjOR (95%CI) = 0.35 (0.13-0.96)] definitions. CONCLUSION: Implementation of a decision-aid tool for ICU triage was associated with a reduction in potentially inappropriate ICU admissions.