3D MR fingerprinting with accelerated stack-of-spirals and hybrid sliding-window and GRAPPA reconstruction

Citation:

Congyu Liao, Berkin Bilgic, Mary Kate Manhard, Bo Zhao, Xiaozhi Cao, Jianhui Zhong, Lawrence L Wald, and Kawin Setsompop. 2017. “3D MR fingerprinting with accelerated stack-of-spirals and hybrid sliding-window and GRAPPA reconstruction.” Neuroimage, 162, Pp. 13-22.

Abstract:

PURPOSE: Whole-brain high-resolution quantitative imaging is extremely encoding intensive, and its rapid and robust acquisition remains a challenge. Here we present a 3D MR fingerprinting (MRF) acquisition with a hybrid sliding-window (SW) and GRAPPA reconstruction strategy to obtain high-resolution T, T and proton density (PD) maps with whole brain coverage in a clinically feasible timeframe. METHODS: 3D MRF data were acquired using a highly under-sampled stack-of-spirals trajectory with a steady-state precession (FISP) sequence. For data reconstruction, k-k under-sampling was mitigated using SW combination along the temporal axis. Non-uniform fast Fourier transform (NUFFT) was then applied to create Cartesian k-space data that are fully-sampled in the in-plane direction, and Cartesian GRAPPA was performed to resolve k under-sampling to create an alias-free SW dataset. T, T and PD maps were then obtained using dictionary matching. RESULTS: Phantom study demonstrated that the proposed 3D-MRF acquisition/reconstruction method is able to produce quantitative maps that are consistent with conventional quantification techniques. Retrospectively under-sampled in vivo acquisition revealed that SW + GRAPPA substantially improves quantification accuracy over the current state-of-the-art accelerated 3D MRF. Prospectively under-sampled in vivo study showed that whole brain T, T and PD maps with 1 mm resolution could be obtained in 7.5 min. CONCLUSIONS: 3D MRF stack-of-spirals acquisition with hybrid SW + GRAPPA reconstruction may provide a feasible approach for rapid, high-resolution quantitative whole-brain imaging.