Dynamic 2D self-phase-map Nyquist ghost correction for simultaneous multi-slice echo planar imaging


Uten Yarach, Yi-Hang Tung, Kawin Setsompop, Myung-Ho In, Itthi Chatnuntawech, Renat Yakupov, Frank Godenschweger, and Oliver Speck. 2018. “Dynamic 2D self-phase-map Nyquist ghost correction for simultaneous multi-slice echo planar imaging.” Magn Reson Med, 80, 4, Pp. 1577-1587.


PURPOSE: To develop a reconstruction pipeline that intrinsically accounts for both simultaneous multislice echo planar imaging (SMS-EPI) reconstruction and dynamic slice-specific Nyquist ghosting correction in time-series data. METHODS: After 1D slice-group average phase correction, the separate polarity (i.e., even and odd echoes) SMS-EPI data were unaliased by slice GeneRalized Autocalibrating Partial Parallel Acquisition. Both the slice-unaliased even and odd echoes were jointly reconstructed using a model-based framework, extended for SMS-EPI reconstruction that estimates a 2D self-phase map, corrects dynamic slice-specific phase errors, and combines data from all coils and echoes to obtain the final images. RESULTS: The percentage ghost-to-signal ratios (%GSRs) and its temporal variations for MB3R 2 with a field of view/4 shift in a human brain obtained by the proposed dynamic 2D and standard 1D phase corrections were 1.37 ± 0.11 and 2.66 ± 0.16, respectively. Even with a large regularization parameter λ applied in the proposed reconstruction, the smoothing effect in fMRI activation maps was comparable to a very small Gaussian kernel size 1 × 1 × 1 mm . CONCLUSION: The proposed reconstruction pipeline reduced slice-specific phase errors in SMS-EPI, resulting in reduction of GSR. It is applicable for functional MRI studies because the smoothing effect caused by the regularization parameter selection can be minimal in a blood-oxygen-level-dependent activation map.