Transphobia, Cloaked in Science


Richardson, Sarah S. “Transphobia, Cloaked in Science.” Los Angeles Review of Books, 2018, Nov. 11. Copy at


Decades of research across scientific disciplines have built an understanding of human sex as a multidimensional trait with biological and social components that can vary over the life course. Against this scientific consensus, the proposed HHS definition marshals bits and pieces of biology in order to exclude millions of transgender citizens — whose sexual or gender identity often does not match their natal genitals — from civil rights protections.

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