Chapters in Books

Jaffe, Adam B, Richard G Newell, and Robert N Stavins. “Technological Change and the Environment.” In Handbook of Environmental Economics, Vol. 1, edited by K-G Mäler and JR Vincent, 1:461–516. Amsterdam and Boston: Elsevier Science B.V. 2003.Abstract

Environmental policy discussions increasingly focus on issues related to technological change. This is partly because the environmental consequences of social activity are frequently affected by the rate and direction of technological change, and partly because environmental policy interventions can themselves create constraints and incentives that have significant effects on the path of technological progress. This chapter summarizes current thinking on technological change in the broader economics literature, surveys the growing economic literature on the interaction between technology and the environment, and explores the normative implications of these analyses. We begin with a brief overview of the economics of technological change, and then examine theory and empirical evidence on invention, innovation, and diffusion and the related literature on the effects of environmental policy on the creation of new, environmentally friendly technology. We conclude with suggestions for further research on technological change and the environment.



Donahue, John D, Joseph S Nye, Richard Zeckhauser, Peter Frumkin, Steven Kelman, Archon Fung, Frederick F Schauer, et al.Lessons from the American Experiment with Market-Based Environmental Policies.” In Market-Based Governance: Supply Side, Demand Side, Upside, and Downside, 173–200. Washington D.C. The Brookings Institution, 2002. lessons_from_the_american_experiment_with_market-based_environmental_policies.pdf


Stavins, Robert N, and Robert W Hahn. “National Environmental Policy During the Clinton Years.” In American Economic Policy in the 1990s, edited by Jeffrey A Frankel and Peter R Orszag, 583–660. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2002.Abstract

Note: For a PDF file that can be downloaded, please see "Environmental Regulation During the 1990s: A Retrospective Analysis," Harvard Environmental Law Review, above, in section titled, "Academic Journals.


Stavins, Robert N. “Economic Analysis of Global Climate Change Policy: A Primer.” In Climate Change: Science, Strategies, & Solutions, edited by Eileen Claussen, Vicki Arroyo Cochran, and Debra P Davis. Boston, Massachusetts: Brill Publishing, 2001. economic_analysis_of_global_climate.pdf


Bashmakov, I, C Jepma, P Bohm, S Gupta, Erik Haites, T Heller, JP Montero, et al.Policies, Measures, and Instruments.” In Climate Change 2001: Mitigation, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Third Assessment Report, Working Group III, Chapter 6. Cambridge, UK; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. ipcc_ar3_chapter_6.pdf


Stavins, RN. “A Two-Way Street Between Environmental Economics and Public Policy.” In Environmental Economics and Public Policy: Selected Papers of Robert N. Stavins, 1988-1999. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, Mass: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc. 2001.Abstract

Review: "Robert N. Stavins has emerged as one of the most influential voices in environmental economics over the last decade and a half. These twenty-three essays on environmental economics and policy, written by Professor Stavins and his co-authors over the period 1988-1999, originally appeared in a diverse set of leading scholarly periodicals and are here collected for the first time." "Students, scholars, practitioners and policymakers will find this volume a valuable and very useful addition to their collection."–Jacket.



Stavins, Robert N. “Introduction.” In Public Policies for Environmental Protection, edited by Paul R Portney and RN Stavins. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C. Resources for the Future, 2000. introduction_to_rff_policy_book.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Market-Based Environmental Policies.” In Public Policies for Environmental Protection, edited by Paul R Portney and RN Stavins. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C. Resources for the Future, 2000. market-based_envir._policies.pdf


Keohane, Nathaniel, Robert N Stavins, and RL Revesz. “The Positive Political Economy of Instrument Choice in Environmental Policy.” In Environmental and Public Economics: Essays in Honor of Wallace E. Oates, edited by Arvind Panagariya, Paul R Portney, and Robert M Schwab, 89–125. London: Edward Elgar, Ltd. 1999. the_choice_of_regulatory1.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Economic Incentives for Environmental Regulation.” In The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics and the Law, edited by Peter Newman. London, UK: Macmillan Reference ; New York, NY, USA, 1998. economicincentivesforenvironmentalprotection.macmillanpress.pdf


Whitehead, B, and Robert N Stavins. “Market-Based Environmental Policies.” In Thinking Ecologically: The Next Generation of Environmental Policy, edited by Marian R Chertow and Daniel C Esty, 105–117. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1997. market_based_environmental_policies.pdf


Barrett, Scott, P Bohm, B Fisher, M Kuroda, J Mubazi, A Shah, and Robert N Stavins. “Policy Instruments to Combat Climate Change.” In Climate Change 1995: Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate Change, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Second Assessment Report, Working Group III, Chapter 11. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1996. ipcc_ar2_chapter_11.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Decision-Making Tools for Environmental Policy.” In Proceedings of VI Repsol-Harvard Seminar on Energy Policy, 77–84. S'Agaro, Spain, 1995. decision_making_tools_for_env_policy.repsol_vi.1995.pdf


Stavins, Robert N, and T Zylicz. “Environmental Policy in a Transition Economy: Designing Tradeable Permits for Poland.” Cambridge, Massachusetts: Environment and Natural Resources Program, 1995. environmentalpolicyinatransitioneconomy.enrp_.1995.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Harnessing Market Forces to Protect the Environment.” In Overcoming Indifference: Ten Key Challenges in Today's Changing World: A Survey of Ideas and Proposals for Action on the Threshold of the Twenty-First Century, edited by Klaus Schwab. New York: New York University Press, 1995. harnessing_market_forces_to_protect_the_environment.chapter.nyu_press.1995.pdf


Stavins, Robert N, and Robert W Hahn. “Trading in Greenhouse Permits: A Critical Examination of Design and Implementation Issues.” In Shaping National Responses to Climate Change: A Post-Rio Policy Guide, edited by Henry Lee, 177–217. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Island Press, 1995. trading_in_greenhouse_permits.island_press.1995.pdf


Lee, Henry, Richard G Newell, and Robert N Stavins. “Developments at the Interface of U.S. Energy and Environmental Policy.” In Energy and the Environment: Evolving Challenges and Opportunities. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard International Energy Studies, 1994. developments_at_the_interface_of_us_energy_and_env_policy.pdf


Stavins, Robert N, and Robert W Hahn. “Economic Incentives for Environmental Protection.” In McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Economics, 321–324. New York: McGraw-Hill, Inc. 1993. economic_incentives_for_env_protection.mcgrawhill.1993.pdf


Stavins, Robert N, and T Grumbly. “The Greening of the Market.” In Mandate for Change, edited by Will Marshall and Martin Schram, 197–216. New York: Berkley Book, 1993. greening_of_the_market.making_the_polluter_pay.1993.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Toward a New Era of Environmental Policy.” In Regulating for the Future: The Creative Balance, edited by Carol Tucker Foreman, 133–173. Washington, D.C. Center for National Policy Press, 1991. toward_a_new_era_of_environmental_policy.chapter.cnpp_.1991.pdf