Publications

2020
Bowen, A., M. Burke, C. Donovan, K. Gillingham, F. Moore, R. Stavins, G. Wagner, and B. Ward. “The Economic Case for the United States to Remain in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.” Grantham Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, London School of Economics and Political Science, and Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London, 2020. us_paris_agreement_policy_brief.pdf
[D-171]
Aldy, Joseph E., and Robert N. Stavins. “Rolling the Dice in the Corridors of Power: William Nordhaus's Impacts on Climate Change Policy.” Harvard Environmental Economics Program Discussion Paper Series (2020).Abstract
The seminal contributions of William Nordhaus to scholarship on the long-run macroeconomics of global climate change are clear. Much more challenging to identify are the impacts of Nordhaus and his research on public policy in this domain. We examine three conceptually distinct pathways for that influence: his personal participation in the policy world; his research’s direct contribution to the formulation and evaluation of public policy; and his research’s indirect role informing public policy. Many of the themes that emerge in this assessment of the contributions of one of the most important economists to have worked in the domain of climate change analysis apply more broadly to the roles played by other leading economists in this and other policy domains.
dp_87_aldy_stavins_rolling_the_dice_heep.pdf
Stavins, Robert. “The Future of U.S. Carbon-Pricing Policy.” Environmental and Energy Policy and the Economy 1 (2020): 8–64. stavins_eepe_2020_journal_article.pdf
[A-97]
2019
Stavins, Robert N.The Madrid climate conference's real failure was not getting a broad deal on global climate markets.The Conversation (2019). Publisher's Version
Stavins, R. N., L Schneider, M Duan, K Kizzier, D Broekhoff, F Jotzo, H Winkler, M Lazarus, A Howard, and C Hood. “Double Counting and the Paris Agreement Rulebook.” Science 366, no. 6462 (2019): 180–183. double_counting_science_policy_forum-october_2019_published_version.pdf
[A-98]
Stavins, R. N.Book Review: Gert Crum and Jan Bartelsman: Le Domaine de la Romanee-Conti."Journal of Wine Economics 14 (2019): 224–227. stavins_drc_review_published_version.pdf
[A-100]
Stavins, Robert N., and Richard Schmalensee. “Policy Evolution Under the Clean Air Act.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 33, no. 4 (2019): 27-50. Publisher's Version policy_evolution_under_the_clean_air_act_jep-published_version.pdf
[A-99]
Schmalensee, Richard, and Robert Stavins. “Learning from Thirty Years Cap & Trade.” Resources, no. 201 (2019). Publisher's Version
Schatzki, Todd, R. Scott, and R. N. Stavins. “Transitioning to Long-Run Effective and Efficient Climate Policies.” Discussion Paper (2019). dp_80_stavins_schatzki_scott_transition_to_ghg-pricing_generic_2019.pdf
[F-40]
Stavins, Robert. Economics of the Environment: Selected Readings, Seventh Edition. Seventh. Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, Mass: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc. 2019.
[B-12]
Mehling, Michael A., Gilbert E. Metcalf, and Robert N. Stavins. “Linking Heterogeneous Climate Policies (Consistent with the Paris Agreement).Environmental Law 8, no. 4 (2019): 647–698.Abstract
The Paris Agreement to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has achieved one of two key necessary conditions for ultimate success—a broad base of participation among the countries of the world. But another key necessary condition has yet to be achieved—adequate collective ambition of the individual nationally determined contributions. How can the climate negotiators provide a structure that will include incentives to increase ambition over time? An important part of the answer can be international linkage of regional, national, and sub-national policies, that is, formal recognition of emission reductions undertaken in another jurisdiction for the purpose of meeting a Party’s own mitigation objectives. A central challenge is how to facilitate such linkage in the context of the very great heterogeneity that characterizes climate policies along five dimensions: type of policy instrument, level of government jurisdiction, status of that jurisdiction under the Paris Agreement, nature of the policy instrument’s target, and the nature along several dimensions of each Party’s Nationally Determined Contribution. We consider such heterogeneity among policies, and identify which linkages of various combinations of characteristics are feasible; of these, which are most promising; and what accounting mechanisms would make the operation of respective linkages consistent with the Paris Agreement.
linking_heterogeneous_climate_policies_consistent_with_the_paris_agreement_in_journal_january_2019_002.pdf
[A-95]
2018
Chan, Gabriel, Robert Stavins, and Zou Ji. “International Climate Change Policy.” Annual Review of Resource Economics 10 (2018): 335–360.Abstract
International cooperation to address the threat of climate change has become more institutionally diverse over the past decade, reflecting multiple scales of governance and the growing inclusion of climate change issues in other policy arenas. Cooperation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change has continued to evolve from the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to the 2015 Paris Agreement, while other governmental and private sector international fora for cooperation have arisen. As the level of activity in international cooperation on climate change mitigation has increased, so too has the related scholarly literature. In this review, we synthesize the literature on international climate change cooperation and identify key policy implications, as well as those findings most relevant for the research community. Our scope includes critical evaluation of the organization and implementation of agreements and instruments, retrospective analysis of cooperative efforts, and explanations of successes and failures.
chan_stavins_zou_ji_annual_review_article_2018_002.pdf
[A-94]
Schatzki, Todd, and Robert Stavins. “GHG Cap-and-Trade: Implications for Effective and Efficient Climate Policy in Oregon.” Harvard Environmental Economics Program, 2018. dp_92_schatzki-stavins.pdf
Richard, Schmalensee, and Robert Stavins. “Policy Evolution Under the Clean Air Act.” Harvard Environmental Economics Program, 2018.Abstract
The U.S. Clean Air Act, passed in 1970 with strong bipartisan support, was the first environmental law to give the Federal government a serious regulatory role, established the architecture of the U.S. air pollution control system, and became a model for subsequent environmental laws in the United States and globally. We outline the Act’s key provisions, as well as the main changes Congress has made to it over time. We assess the evolution of air pollution control policy under the Clean Air Act, with particular attention to the types of policy instruments used. We provide a generic assessment of the major types of policy instruments, and we trace and assess the historical evolution of EPA’s policy instrument use, with particular focus on the increased use of market-based policy instruments, beginning in the 1970s and culminating in the 1990s. Over the past fifty years, air pollution regulation has gradually become much more complex, and over the past twenty years, policy debates have become increasingly partisan and polarized, to the point that it has become impossible to amend the Act or pass other legislation to address the new threat of climate change.
dp_79_schmalensee-stavins_clean_air_act.pdf
Stavins, R. N.Some Reflections on the Role of Economics in Environmental Policy.” The Environmental Forum 35, no. 6 (2018): 15. column_87_some_reflections_on_the_role_of_economics_in_environmental_policy.pdf
[D-164]
Stavins, R. N.Linkage Will Prove Essential for Ultimate Success of Paris Agreement.” The Environmental Forum 35, no. 5 (2018): 15. stavins_-_2018_-_linkage_will_prove_essential_for_ultimate_success_.pdf
[D-163]
Stavins, Robert. “Should California Develop the State's Large Petroleum Resources?The Environmental Forum 35, no. 4 (2018): 15. should_california_develop_the_states_large_petroleum_resources.pdf
[D-162]
Stavins, Robert. “Film Review: Rudi Goldman: Burgundy: People with a Passion for Wine.” Journal of Wine Economics 13(2018):105-108. [A-93]” (2018). burgundy_people_with_a_passion_for_wine_review_by_stavins_for_jwe.pdf
[A-93]
Stavins, R. N., Michael A. Mehling, and Gilbert E. Metcalf. “Linking Climate Policies to Advance Global Mitigation.” Science 359 (2018): 997–998. mehling-metcalf-stavins_linking_climate_policies_to_advance_global_mitigation.pdf
[A-92]
Stavins, Robert. “World’s Largest Carbon Market is Scheduled for 2020 Launch in China.” The Environmental Forum Volume 35, no. 2 (2018): 15. 021218_column_83-worlds_largest_carbon_market_2020_china.pdf
[D-160]

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