Publications

2014
Stavins, Robert N. “Chinese and US Climate Interests Are Converging.” China Dialogue, 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Bilateral climate change negotiations between China and the US are the most significant development since the Kyoto Protocol

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Stavins, Robert N. “A Convergence of Interests at COP-19.(2013 Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change).” The Environmental Forum 31 (2014): 14. column_59.pdf

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Fowlie, Meredith, Lawrence Goulder, Matthew Kotchen, Severin Borenstein, James Bushnell, Lucas Davis, Michael Greenstone, et al.An Economic Perspective on the EPA's Clean Power Plan.” Science 346 (2014): 815–816. Publisher's VersionAbstract

In June, the Obama Administration unveiled its proposal for a Clean Power Plan, which it estimates would reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from existing U.S. power plants 30% below 2005 levels by 2030 (see the chart). Power plant emissions have declined substantially since 2005, so the plan is seeking reductions of about 18% from current levels. Electricity generation accounts for about 40% of U.S. CO2 emissions.

science-2014-fowlie.pdf

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Bodansky, Daniel M, Seth Hoedl, Gilbert E Metcalf, and Robert N Stavins. “Facilitating Linkage of Heterogeneous Regional, National, and Sub-National Climate Policies Through a Future International Agreement: Executive Summary.” Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard Project on Climate Agreements, 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Negotiations pursuant to the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action appear likely to lead to a 2015 Paris agreement that embodies a hybrid climate policy architecture, combining top-down elements, such as for monitoring, reporting, and verification, with bottom-up elements, including “nationally determined contributions” from each participating country, detailing what it intends to do to reduce emissions, based on its national circumstances. For such a system to be cost-effective—and thus more likely to achieve significant global emissions reductions—a key feature will be linkages among regional, national, and sub-national climate policies. By linkage, we mean a formal recognition by a greenhouse gas mitigation program in one jurisdiction (a regional, national, or sub-national government) of emission reductions undertaken in another jurisdiction for purposes of complying with the first jurisdiction’s mitigation program. We examine how a future international policy architecture could help facilitate the growth and operation of a robust system of international linkages of regional, national, and sub-national policies. Several design elements merit serious consideration for inclusion in the Paris agreement, either directly or by establishing a process for subsequent international elaboration. At the same time, including detailed linkage rules in the core agreement is not desirable because this could make it difficult for rules to evolve in light of experience.

ieta-hpca-es-sept2014.pdf

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Bodansky, Daniel M, Seth Hoedl, Gilbert E Metcalf, and Robert N Stavins. “Facilitating Linkage of Heterogeneous Regional, National, and Sub-National Climate Policies Through a Future International Agreement.” Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard Project on Climate Agreements, 2014. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Negotiations pursuant to the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action appear likely to lead to a 2015 Paris agreement that embodies a hybrid climate policy architecture, combining top-down elements, such as for monitoring, reporting, and verification, with bottom-up elements, including “nationally determined contributions” from each participating country, detailing what it intends to do to reduce emissions, based on its national circumstances. For such a system to be cost-effective—and thus more likely to achieve significant global emissions reductions—a key feature will be linkages among regional, national, and sub-national climate policies. By linkage, we mean a formal recognition by a greenhouse gas mitigation program in one jurisdiction (a regional, national, or sub-national government) of emission reductions undertaken in another jurisdiction for purposes of complying with the first jurisdiction’s mitigation program. We examine how a future international policy architecture could help facilitate the growth and operation of a robust system of international linkages of regional, national, and sub-national policies. Several design elements merit serious consideration for inclusion in the Paris agreement, either directly or by establishing a process for subsequent international elaboration. At the same time, including detailed linkage rules in the core agreement is not desirable because this could make it difficult for rules to evolve in light of experience.

harvard-ieta_linkage_paper.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “Film Review: David Leonard, A Year in Burgundy.” Journal of Wine Economics 9 (2014): 100–103. Publisher's Version stavins_review_of_a_year_in_burgundy_published_version.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “Fossil Divestment: Warranted & Wise?The Environmental Forum 31 (2014): 14. column_58.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “Local Costs and Global Benefits.” The Environmental Forum 31 (2014): 14. column_62.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “Pricing Carbon: Promises, Problems.” The Environmental Forum 31 (2014): 16. column_63.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “The Problem with EU Renewables.(renewable Energy Regulations).” The Environmental Forum 31 (2014): 14. column_60.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “Understanding the IPCC's products.(Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change).” The Environmental Forum 31 (2014): 14. column_61.pdf

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2013
Stavins, Robert N. “Is Obama's Climate Change Policy Doomed to Fail? Maybe Not.PBS NewsHour, 2013. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Until there is an obvious, sudden and perhaps cataclysmic event, such as a loss of part of the Antarctic ice sheet, the odds would seem to be stacked heavi
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Schmalensee, Richard, and Robert N Stavins. “The Sordid History of Congressional Acceptance and Rejection of Cap-and-Trade: Implications for Climate Policy.” VoxEU.org, 2013. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Not so long ago, cap-and-trade mechanisms for environmental protection were popular in Congress. Now, such mechanisms are denigrated. What happened? This column tells the sordid tale of how conservatives in Congress who once supported cap and trade now lambast climate change legislation as ‘cap-and-tax’. Ironically, conservatives are choosing to demonise their own market-based creation. The successful conservative campaign that disparaged cap-and-trade means it may now be politically impossible to promote it in the US. The good news? Elsewhere, cap and trade is now a proven, viable option for tackling large-scale environmental problems.
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Solman, Paul, and Robert N Stavins. “Why the US and China Inspire Hope for International Climate Change Action.” PBS NewsHour, 2013. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Protesters assemble outside the 19th Conference of Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Warsaw, Poland, late last month.
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Stavins, Robert N. “AB 32: The Whole World Is Watching.(California Assembly Bill That Became the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006).” The Environmental Forum 30 (2013): 14. column_57.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “Action and Inaction in the Second Term.(pres. Barack Obama's Second Term Environmental Policies).” The Environmental Forum 30 (2013): 14. column_54.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N. “Closing the Energy-Efficiency Gap.(Removing Barriers That Contribute to Under-Investment in Energy Efficient Technologies).” The Environmental Forum 30 (2013): 14. column_56.pdf

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Stavins, Robert N, and Joseph E Aldy. “Designing the Post‑Kyoto Climate Regime.” In A New Global Covenant: Protection without Protectionism, edited by Mary H Kaldor and Joseph E Stiglitz, 205-230. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. desiging_the_post-kyoto_climate_regime_aldy_stavins.pdf

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Economics of Climate Change and Environmental Policy: Selected Papers of Robert N. Stavins, 2000-2011
Stavins, Robert N. Economics of Climate Change and Environmental Policy: Selected Papers of Robert N. Stavins, 2000-2011. Northampton, Massachusetts: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc. 2013. Publisher's Version

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Stavins, Robert N. “Film Review: David Roach and Warwick Ross. Red Obsession.” Journal of Wine Economics 8 (2013): 355–357. Publisher's Version red_obsession_stavins_jwe_2013.pdf

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Pages