Olmstead, Sheila M, and Robert N Stavins. “Three Key Elements of a Post-2012 International Climate Policy Architecture.” Review of Environmental Economics and Policy 6 (2012): 65 –85. Publisher's VersionAbstract

This article describes three essential elements of an effective post-2012 international climate policy architecture: a framework to ensure that key industrialized and developing nations are involved in differentiated but meaningful ways, an emphasis on an extended time path for emissions targets, and the inclusion of flexible market-based policy instruments to keep costs down and facilitate international equity. This overall architecture is consistent with fundamental aspects of the science, economics, and politics of global climate change; addresses specific shortcomings of the Kyoto Protocol; and builds on the foundation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.



Stavins, Robert N. “An Unambiguous Consequence of the Durban Climate Talks.” Green Orbis Magazine (2012): 24–31. durban.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “An Unambiguous Consequence of the Durban Climate Talks.” Review of Environment, Energy, and Economics (2012): 1-4. Publisher's VersionAbstract

One of the major outcomes of the Durban Climate Conference in 2011 was the 'Durban Platform for Enhanced Action' - a non-binding agreement to forge a new treaty by 2015 that will bring all countries under the same legal regime by 2020. This article will explain why the 'Durban Platform for Enhanced Action' has opened an important window in climate talks.



Aldy, Joseph E, and Robert N Stavins. “Using the Market to Address Climate Change: Insights from Theory & Experience.” Daedalus 141 (2012): 45–60. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Emissions of greenhouse gases linked with global climate change are affected by diverse aspects of economic activity, including individual consumption, business investment, and government spending. An effective climate policy will have to modify the decision calculus for these activities in the direction of more efficient generation and use of energy, lower carbon-intensity of energy, and a more carbon-lean economy. The only technically feasible and cost-effective approach to achieving this goal on a meaningful scale is carbon pricing: that is, market-based climate policies that place a shadow-price on carbon dioxide emissions. We examine alternative designs of three such instruments: carbon taxes, cap and trade, and clean energy standards. We note that the U.S. political response to possible market-based approaches to climate policy has been, and will continue to be, largely a function of issues and structural factors that transcend the scope of environmental and climate policy.



Stavins, Robert N. “Cancun Produces Meaningful Steps.” The Environmental Forum 28 (2011): 16. column_41.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “A Century of Progress, Problems.(environmental Economics).” The Environmental Forum 28 (2011): 16. column_43.pdf


Goulder, Lawrence H, and Robert N Stavins. “Challenges from State-Federal Interactions in Us Climate Change Policy.” American Economic Review 101 (2011): 253–257. Publisher's Version goulderstavinsaerpapersproceedings.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Curbing Carbon.” Technology Review (2011): 10. stavins_technology_review_march-april_2011.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Does Less and Costs More. (disadvantages of Renewable Electricity/Clean Energy Standards Over a Comprehensive Cap-and-Trade Approach to Reducing CO2 Emissions).” The Environmental Forum 28 (2011): 16. column_42.pdf


Hahn, Robert W, and Robert N Stavins. “The Effect of Allowance Allocations on Cap-and-Trade System Performance.” Journal of Law and Economics 54 (2011): S267–S294. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Abstract An implication of the Coase theorem is that under certain conditions, the market equilibrium in a cap-and-trade system will be cost-effective and independent of the initial allocation of tradable rights. That is, the overall cost of achieving a given aggregate emission reduction will be minimized, and the final allocation of permits will be independent of the initial allocation. We call this the independence property. This property is important because it means that the government can establish the overall pollution reduction goal for a cap-and-trade system by setting the cap and leaving it up to the legislature to construct a constituency in support of the program by allocating the allowances to various interests without affecting either the environmental performance of the system or its aggregate social costs. We examine the conditions under which the independence property is likely to hold—both in theory and in practice.



Stavins, Robert N. “Good News from Regulatory Front.” The Environmental Forum 28 (2011): 16. column_44.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “The National Context of U.S. State Policies for a Global Commons Problem.” Roskilde, Denmark: United Nations Environment Program, 2011. stavins_perspectives_durban_2011.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Polarized Politics, Paralyzed Policy.” The Environmental Forum 28 (2011): 18. column_45.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “The Problem of the Commons: Still Unsettled After 100 Years.” American Economic Review 101 (2011): 81–108. Publisher's Version aer_final_version_stavins_feb_2011.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Qué sucedió (y por qué)? (What happened and why? An assessment of the Cancun agreements).” Foreign Affairs Latinoamérica 11 (2011): 42–49. Publisher's Version stavins_article_foreign_affairs_march_2011.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “Repairing the R&D market failure.” The Environmental Forum 28 (2011): 16. column_40.pdf


Cross, Robin, Andrew J Plantinga, and Robert N Stavins. “The Value of Terroir: Hedonic Estimation of Vineyard Sale Prices.” Journal of Wine Economics 6 (2011): 1–14. 6_wineeconomics_vol_6_1_cross_plantinga_stavins.pdf


Stavins, Robert N. “A Wave of the Future: International Linkage of Carbon Markets.” Outreach: A Multi-stakeholder Magazine on Environment and Sustainable Development (2011): 4–5. Publisher's Version stavins_outreach_december_2011.pdf


Cross, Robin, Andrew J Plantinga, and Robert N Stavins. “What Is the Value of Terroir?The American Economic Review 101 (2011): 152–156. Publisher's Version crossplantingastavinsaerpapersproceedings.pdf


Schmalensee, Richard, and Robert Stavins. “The Power of Cap-and- Trade.” (2010). Publisher's Version