Articles & Essays

Scholarly Articles

“In Memoriam: Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg: The Last Civil Rights Lawyer on the Supreme Court,” HARV. C.R.-C.L. L. REV. (forthcoming 2021)

“African Americans and the Constitution,” Handbook of African American History, Leslie Brown ed. (Oxford Univ. Press, forthcoming)

The Long Resistance,” 36 Law & Hist. Rev. 441, Cambridge University Press (2018)

Just Schools: A Holistic Approach to the Education of Impoverished Students Confronting Persistent Poverty,” 49 U. Mem. L. Rev. 185 (2018)

“Disabling Punishment: The Need for Remedies to the Disparate Loss of Instruction Experience by Black Students with Disabilities,” Charles Hamilton Houston Institute for Race & Justice, Harvard Law School and The Civil Rights Project, UCLA’s Center for Civil Rights Remedies, Apr., 2018

“Identity Matters: The Case of Honorable Constance Baker Motley,” Columbia L. Review, Vol. 117, No. 7, pp. 1691-1739 (Nov., 2017)

The Mentoring Gap, Commentary, 129 Harvard Law Review 303 (Spring 2016) 

Rethinking Proxies for Economic Disadvantage: A First Generation Students’ Project, 2014 U. Chicago Leg. Forum 433 (Fall 2014)

Two Americas in Healthcare: Federalism and Wars over Poverty from the New-Deal Great Society to Obamacare, 62 Drake L. Review, Const. L. Symposium 981 (Fall 2014)

Elites, Social Movements, and the Law: The Case of Affirmative Action, 105 Columbia L. Rev. 1436 (June 2005)

Race as Identity Caricature: A Local Legal History Lesson in the Salience of Intra-Racial Conflict, 151 U. Penn. Law Rev. 1913 (2003)

Toward a Pragmatic Understanding of Status Consciousness: The Case of Deregulated Education, 50 Duke Law Journal 753 (2000)

The Transformation of a Social Movement into Law?: The NAACP’s and SCLC’s Civil Rights Campaign Reconsidered In Light of the Educational Activism of Septima P. Clark, 8 Women’s History Review 81 (1999)  


Op-Ed, “Equal justice requires lawmakers reform qualified immunity for police,” The Boston Globe, Aug. 13, 2020

"Seven Lessons from History about How to Make Protest Work," HistPhil (Mar. 6, 2017)

"Want to See What Protests Can Be? Look at What They Have Been," Vox (Mar. 3, 2017), originally published in New America Weekly (Mar. 2, 2017)

"A Reversal of Fortune: The Laws, Facts, and Racial Realism Behind the Supreme Court's About-Face on Affirmative Action," U.S. News & World Report (June 30, 2016) 

"Student Protesters Want Qualitative Diversity on Campus," Slate (Nov. 30, 2015)

“School Desegregation in Atlanta: A Test of Separate and Equal,” Adam Matthew Digital Humanities Project: African American Communities (Spring 2014)

The Civil Rights Canon: Above and Below, 123 Yale L.J. 2014 (reviewing Bruce Ackerman, We the People: The Civil Rights Revolution)

Wiley Branton Memorial Lecture, Does Protest Work? 56 Howard Law Journal 721 (Spring 2013)

Diversity Paradox, 65 Vanderbilt Law Review En Banc 113 (July 2012)

“One of These Things Does Not Belong”: Intellectual Property and Collective Action Across Boundaries,” 118 Yale L.J. Pocket Part TK (2008)

The Transformative Racial Politics of Justice Clarence Thomas?: The Grutter v. Bollinger Opinion, 7 Univ. of Pa. J. of Const. Law  787 (Feb. 2005)

An Historical Note on Stigma as a Rationale for a Civil Rights Landmark, 48 St.L.U. L.J. 991 (2004)(Childress Symposium)

"Hollow Tropes: Fresh Perspectives on Courts, Politics, and Inequality,” in Book Review Edition, 45 Tulsa Law Review 101 ( 2011)(Sanford Levinson & Mark Graber, Guest editors)(Review of Martha Minow, In Brown’s Wake (Oxford, 2010); Frymer, Black and Blue: African Americans, the Labor Movement, and the Decline of the Democratic Party (Princeton, 2007); and Julie Novkov, Racial Union (Michigan, 2008)

Review, Thomas Jackson, From Civil Rights to Human Rights, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Struggle for Economic Justice (Pennsylvania, 2007); Felicia Kornbluh, The Battle for Welfare Rights, Politics and Poverty in Modern America (Pennsylvania, 2007); Kris Shepard, Rationing Justice: Poverty Lawyers and Poor People in the Deep South (Louisiana State, 2007), in J. Southern Hist., Nov. 2008