Publications

Working Paper
Viarengo M, Ganguli I, Hausmann R. Gender Differences in Professional Career Dynamics: New Evidence from a Global Law Firm. [Internet]. Working Paper. Publisher's VersionAbstract
We examine gender gaps in career dynamics in the legal sector using rich panel data from one of the largest global law firms in the world. The law firm studied is representative of multinational law firms and operates in 23 countries. The sample includes countries at different stages of development. We document the cross-country variation in gender gaps and how these gaps have changed over time. We show that while there is gender parity at the entry level in most countries by the end of the period examined, there are persistent raw gender gaps at the top of the organization across all countries. We observe significant heterogeneity among countries in terms of gender gaps in promotions and wages, but the gaps that exist appear to be declining over the period studied. We also observe that women are more likely to report exiting the firm for family and work-life balance reasons, while men report leaving for career advancement. Finally, we show that various measures of national institutions and culture appear to play a role in the differential labor-market outcomes of men and women
Fernandez R, Parsa S, Viarengo M. Coming Out in America: AIDS, Politics and Cultural Change. [Internet]. Working Paper. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The last few decades witnessed a dramatic change in public opinion towards gay people. This paper studies the hypothesis that the AIDS epidemic was a shock that changed the incentive to “come out” and that the ensuing process of mobilization and endogenous political process led to cultural transformation. We show that the process of change was discontinuous over time and present suggestive evidence that the 1992 presidential election followed by the “don't ask, don't tell” debate led to a change in attitudes. Using a difference-in-difference empirical strategy, we find that, in accordance with our hypothesis, the change in opinion was greater in states with higher AIDS rates. Our analysis suggests that if individuals in low-AIDS states had experienced the same average AIDS rate as a high-AIDS state, the change in their approval rate from the '70s to the '90s would have been 50 percent greater.
Viarengo M, Gibbons S, McNally S. Does Additional Spending Help Urban Schools? An Evaluation Using Boundary Discontinuities. LSE-Centre for the Economics of Education Discussion Paper No. 128; IZA Discussion Paper No. 6281 [Internet]. Working Paper. Publisher's Version
Viarengo M, Bandiera O, Mohnen M, Rasul I. Nation-Building through Compulsory Schooling during the Age of Mass Migration. [Internet]. Working Paper. Publisher's Version
Viarengo M, Machin S, McNally S. ’Teaching to Teach’ Literacy. London School of Economics, Centre for Economic Performance, Discussion Paper No. 1425 [Internet]. Working Paper. Publisher's Version
Forthcoming
Ganguli I, Hausmann R, Viarengo M. Gender Differences in Professional Career Dynamics: New Evidence from a Global Law Firm. Economica. Forthcoming.
2019
Viarengo M, Bandiera O, Mohen M, Rasul I. Nation-Building through Compulsory Schooling during the Age of Mass Migration. Economic Journal [Internet]. 2019;129 (617) :62-109. Publisher's Version
2018
Viarengo M, Machin S, McNally S. Changing How Literacy is Taught: Evidence on Synthetic Phonics. American Economic Journal: Economic Policy. 2018;10 (2) :217-41.
2017
Viarengo M, Gibbons S, McNally S. Does Additional Spending Help Urban Schools? An Evaluation Using Boundary Discontinuities. Journal of the European Economic Association. 2017;November.
2016
Viarengo M, Cyron L, Schwerdt G. The Effect of Opposite Sex Siblings on Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Skills in Early Childhood. Applied Economics Letters. 2016;24 (19) :1369-73.
2015
Viarengo M, Pritchett L. Does Public Sector Control Reduce Variance in School Quality?. Education Economics [Internet]. 2015;23 (5) :557-76. Publisher's Version
Viarengo M, Kramarz F. Ni en Emploi Ni en Formation - Des Jeunes Laissés pour Compte. Paris: Sciences-Po Press; 2015.
Viarengo M, Pritchett L. The State, Socialization and Private Schooling: When Will Governments Support Alternative Producers?. Journal of Development Studies [Internet]. 2015;51 (7) :784-807. Publisher's Version
2014
Viarengo M, Ganguli I, Hausmann R. Closing the Gender Gap in Education: What is the State of Gaps in Labor Force Participation for Women, Wives and Mothers?. International Labor Review [Internet]. 2014;153 (2) :173-208. Publisher's Version
Viarengo M, Musacchio A, Martinez-Fritscher A. Colonial Institutions, Trade Shocks, and the Diffusion of Elementary Education in Brazil, 1889-1930. Journal of Economic History [Internet]. 2014;74 (3) :730-66. Publisher's Version
Viarengo M, Ganguli I, Hausmann R. Marriage, Education and Assortative Mating in Latin America. Applied Economics Letters [Internet]. 2014;21 (12) :806-11. Publisher's Version
Viarengo M, Freeman RB. School and Family Effects on Educational Outcomes across Countries. Economic Policy [Internet]. 2014;79 (29) :395-446. Publisher's Version
2013
Bandiera O, Rasul I, Viarengo M. The Making of Modern America: Migratory Flows in the Age of Mass Migration. Journal of Development Economics. 2013;100 :23-47.
2012
Pritchett L, Viarengo M. Why Demographic Suicide? The Puzzles of European Fertility. Population and Development Review. 2012;38 :55-71.
2011
Viarengo MG, Freeman RB, Machin SJ. Inequality of Educational Outcomes: International Evidence from PISA. Journal for Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies. 2011;11 (3).

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