Viterna’s earlier research examined the relationship between gender and governance. Research with Kathleen Fallon examined the effects of democratization on women’s legislative representation. Research with Amy Hite examined how gender was implicated in the historical transformation of the Latin American class structure. And in a book chapter, Viterna argued that political parties across the ideological spectrum in Latin America mobilized essentialist notions of gender to achieve their political ends. 
Related publications: 
2016    Fallon, Kathleen M. and Jocelyn Viterna. “Gender, the State, and Development.”  Chapter 17 (pp. 414-449) in The Handbook of the Sociology of Development, edited by Gregory Hooks.  Oakland: University of California Press 
2014    Viterna, Jocelyn. “Radical or Righteous?  Using Gender to Shape Public Perceptions of Political Violence.”  Pp. 189-216 in Dynamics of Political Violence: A Process-Oriented Perspective on Radicalization and the Escalation of Political Conflict, edited by Lorenzo Bosi, Chares Demetriou, and Stefan Malthaner. Surrey, UK: Ashgate Publishing.  
2012    Fallon, Kathleen M., Liam Swiss, and Jocelyn Viterna. “Resolving the Democracy Paradox:  Democratization and Women’s Legislative Representation in Developing Nations, 1975-2009.” American Sociological Review 77 (3): 380-408.
2008    Viterna, Jocelyn and Kathleen M. Fallon. “Democratization, Women’s Movements, and Gender-Equitable States: A Framework for Comparison.” American Sociological Review 73 (4): 668-689.

2008    Viterna, Jocelyn, Kathleen M. Fallon, and Jason Beckfield.  How Development Matters:  A Research Note on the Relationship between Development, Democracy, and Women's Political Representation.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 49 (6): 455-477.

2005    Hite, Amy Bellone and Jocelyn Viterna.  Gendering Class in Latin America:  How Women Effect and Experience Change in the Class Structure.” Latin American Research Review 40 (2): 50-82.