Book Chapters

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Hans Peter Schmitz and Kathryn Sikkink. 2002. “International Human Rights.” In Handbook of International Relations, edited by Walter Carlsnaes, Thomas Risse, and Beth Simmons, Pp. 517–37. London: Sage Publications. Publisher's Version
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Kathryn Sikkink. 2008. “From International Relations to Global Society.” In The Oxford Handbook of International Relations, edited by Christian Reus-Smit and Duncan Snidal, Pp. 62–83. New York: Oxford University Press. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Historically speaking, the study of international relations has largely concerned the study of states and the effects of anarchy on their foreign policies, the patterns of their interactions, and the organization of world politics. However, over the last several decades, the discipline as begun moving away from the study of ‘international relations’ and toward the study of ‘global society’. This shift from ‘international relations’ to ‘global society’ is reflective of several important developments that are the focus of this article. The article begins with a discussion of the anarchy thematic and what John Agnew (1994) has called ‘the territorial trap’, and surveys some of the critical forces that compelled international relations scholars to free themselves from this trap. It then explores the shifts in the what, who, how, and why of the study of international relations. It considers the terminological shift from the study of international governance to the study of global governance, justified because the purposes of global governance no longer reflect solely the interests of states but now also include other actors, including international organizations, transnational corporations, nongovernmental organizations, and new kinds of networks.