Publications

2018
Bilgrami, Akeel, et al. 2018. “Belonging”. Pp. 779-812 in Rethinking Society for the 21st Century: Report of the International Panel on Social Progress. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. PDF
Lamont, Michèle. 2018. “Sociology’s Response to the Trump Presidency: Views from the 108th ASA President”. Sociological Forum 33 (4). Press Release PDF
Lamont, Michele. 2018. “Foreword: A Much Needed Project”. Pp. vii-ix in Education in a New Society: Renewing the Sociology of Education, edited by Jal Mehta and Scott Davies. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Publisher's VersionAbstract
In recent decades, sociology of education has been dominated by quantitative analyses of race, class, and gender gaps in educational achievement. And while there’s no question that such work is important, it leaves a lot of other fruitful areas of inquiry unstudied. This book takes that problem seriously, considering the way the field has developed since the 1960s and arguing powerfully for its renewal.
The sociology of education, the contributors show, largely works with themes, concepts, and theories that were generated decades ago, even as both the actual world of education and the discipline of sociology have changed considerably. The moment has come, they argue, to break free of the past and begin asking new questions and developing new programs of empirical study. Both rallying cry and road map, Education in a New Society will galvanize the field.
PDF
Lamont, Michèle. 2018. “Addressing Recognition Gaps: Destigmatization and the Reduction of Inequality”. American Sociological Review 83 (3).Abstract
This Presidential Address offers elements for a systematic and cumulative study of destigmatization, or the process by which low-status groups gain recognition and worth. Contemporary sociologists tend to focus on inequality in the distribution of resources, such as
occupation, education, and wealth. Complementing this research, this address draws attention to “recognition gaps,” defined as disparities in worth and cultural membership between groups in a society. Drawing on research I have conducted, I first describe how neoliberalism promotes
growing recognition gaps. Then, drawing on research on stigmatized groups across several societies, I analyze how experiences of stigma and destigmatization are enabled and constrained by various contextual factors and actors, including institutions, cultural repertoires, knowledge
workers, and social movements activists. I conclude by proposing a research agenda for the sociology of recognition and destigmatization, and by sketching how social scientists, policy makers, organizations, and citizens can contribute in the reduction of recognition gaps.
PDF
2017
Lamont, Michèle. 2017. “Prisms of Inequality: Moral Boundaries, Exclusion, and Academic Evaluation”. in Praemium Erasmianum Essay 2017. Amsterdam: Praemium Erasmianum Foundation. PDF
Lamont, Michèle, Laura Adler, Bo Yun Park, and Xin Xiang. 2017. “Bridging Cultural Sociology and Cognitive Psychology in Three Contemporary Research Programs”. Nature Human Behaviour 1:866-872. Publisher's VersionAbstract
Three prominent research programmes in cognitive psychology would benefit from a stronger engagement with the cultural context of  cognition: studies of poverty focused on scarcity and cognitive bandwidth, studies of dual-process morality and studies of biases using the implicit association test. We address some limitations of these programmes and suggest research strategies for moving beyond an exclusive focus on cognition. Research on poverty using the cognitive bandwidth approach would benefit from considering the cultural schemas that influence how people perceive and prioritize needs. Dual-process morality researchers could explain variation by analysing cultural repertoires that structure moral choices. Research using the implicit association test can better explain implicit attitudes by addressing the variability in cultural schemas that undergird biases. We identify how these research programmes can deepen the causal understanding of human attitudes and behaviours by addressing the interaction between internal cognition and supra-individual cultural repertoires.
PDF
Dodd, Nigel, Michèle Lamont, and Mike Savage. 2017. “Introduction to BJS Special Issue”. The British Journal of Sociology 68 (S1):S3-S10. Publisher's Version PDF
Lamont, Michèle, Bo Yun Park, and Elena Ayala-Hurtado. 2017. “Trump's Electoral Speeches and His Appeal to the American White Working Class”. British Journal of Sociology 68 (S1):S153-S180. Publisher's VersionAbstract
This paper contributes to the study of social change by considering boundary work as a dimension of cultural change. Drawing on the computer-assisted qualitative analysis of 73 formal speeches made by Donald Trump during the 2016 electoral campaign, we argue that his political rhetoric, which led to his presidential victory, addressed the white working classes’ concern with their declining position in the national pecking order. He addressed their concern by raising the moral status of this group, that is, by 1) emphatically describing them as hard working Americans who are victims of globalization; 2) voicing their concerns about ‘people above’ (professionals, the rich, and politicians); 3) drawing strong moral boundaries toward undocumented immigrants, refugees and Muslims; 4) presenting African American and (legal) Hispanic Americans as workers who also deserve jobs; 5) stressing the role of working class men as protectors of women and LGBTQ people. This particular case study of cultural resonance provides a novel, distinctively sociological approach for capturing dynamics of social change.
PDF
2016
Mutuality, Mobilization, and Messaging for Health Promotion: Toward Collective Cultural Change
Lamont, Michèle, and Mabel Berezin. 2016. “Mutuality, Mobilization, and Messaging for Health Promotion: Toward Collective Cultural Change”. Special Issue Section, Social Science and Medicine 165:1-296. Publisher's Version PDF
Lamont, Michèle. 2016. “Getting Respect: Responding to Stigma and Discrimination”. The Sociologist, 3-5. PDF
Lamont, Michèle, Veronica Boix Mansilla, and Kyoko Sato. 2016. ““Optimally Ambiguous Exchanges” and Other Conditions for Productive Interdisciplinary Collaboration”. The Social Science Research Council (May 3, 2016). Publisher's Version
Lamont, Michèle. 2016. “Sociologue Engagee": A Contribution to a Debate on "Can Comparative Historical Sociology Save the World?"”. Trajectories: Newsletter of the ASA Comparative and Historical Sociology Section, 15-17. Publisher's Version PDF
Lamont, Michèle, and Joshua Guetzkow. 2016. “How Quality Is Recognized by Peer Review Panels: The Case of the Humanities”. Pp. 31-41 in Research Assessment in the Humanities, edited by Michael Ochsner, Sven E. Hug, and Hans-Dieter Daniel. Berlin: Springer International Publishing. PDF
Destigmatization and Health: Cultural Constructions and the Long-Term Reduction of Stigma
Clair, Matthew, Caitlin Daniel, and Michèle Lamont. 2016. “Destigmatization and Health: Cultural Constructions and the Long-Term Reduction of Stigma”. Social Science and Medicine 165:223-232. Publisher's Version PDF
Mijs, Jonathan J. B., Elyas Bakhtiari, and Michèle Lamont. 2016. “Neoliberalism and Symbolic Boundaries in EuropeGlobal Diffusion, Local Context, Regional Variation”. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World 2 (January-December 2016).Abstract

Studies suggest that the rise of neoliberalism accompanies a foregrounding of individual responsibility and a weakening of community. The authors provide a theoretical agenda for studying the interactions between the global diffusion of neoliberal policies and ideologies, on the one side, and cultural repertoires and boundary configurations, on the other, in the context of local, national, and regional variation. Exploiting variation in the rate of adoption of neoliberal policies across European societies, the authors show how levels of neoliberal penetration covary with the way citizens draw symbolic boundaries along the lines of ethnoreligious otherness and moral deservingness.

PDF
Lamont, Michèle, Veronica Boix Mansilla, and Kyoko Sato. 2016. “Shared Cognitive Emotional Interactional Platforms: Markers and Conditions for Successful Interdisciplinary Collaborations”. Science, Techonology and Human Values.Abstract

Given the growing centrality of interdisciplinarity to scientific research, gaining a better understanding of successful interdisciplinary collaborations has become imperative. Drawing on extensive case studies of nine research networks in the social, natural, and computational sciences, we propose a construct that captures the multidimensional character of such collaborations, that of shared cognitive-emotional-interactional (SCEI) platform. We demonstrate its value as an integrative lens to examine markers of and conditions for successful interdisciplinary collaborations as defined by researchers involved in these groups. We show that 1) markers and conditions embody three different dimensions: cognitive, emotional and interactional; 2) these dimensions are present in all networks, albeit to different degrees; 3) the dimensions are intertwined and mutually constitutive; and 4) they operate in conjunction with institutional conditions created by funders. We compare SCEI platforms to available frameworks for successful interdisciplinary work. 

PDF
2015
Bell, Monica, Nathan Fosse, Michèle Lamont, and Eva Rosen. 2015. “Beyond the Culture of Poverty”. Pp. 1-16 in The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Publisher's VersionAbstract

Understanding social life requires attending to the cultural dimension of reality. Yet, when it comes to the study of low-income populations, factoring in culture has often been a contentious project. This is because explaining poverty through culture has been equated with blaming the poor for their predicaments. Scholars have moved the debate forward by making a case for integrating culture in explanations of poverty. This requires drawing on analytical devices such as frames, narratives, institutions, repertoires, and boundaries that capture intersubjective definitions of reality. These concepts have been useful for identifying a diversity of frameworks through which low-income populations understand their reality and develop paths for mobility. This entry builds on these contributions by exploring the place of culture in studies of American low-income populations in three important areas of social life: family, neighborhood, and work.

PDF
Lamont, Michèle, Stefan Beljean, and Phillipa Chong. 2015. “A Post-Bourdieusian Sociology of Valuation and Evaluation for the Field of Cultural Production”. in Routledge International Handbook of the Sociology of Art and Culture. New York: Routledge. PDF
Lamont, Michèle, Sabrina Pendergrass, and Mark C. Pachucki. 2015. “Symbolic Boundaries”. Pp. 850-855 in International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences, edited by James Wright. Oxford: Elsevier. PDF
2014
Lamont, Michèle, Charles Camic, and Neil Gross. 2014. “Looking back at "Social knowledge in the making"”. Sociologica 8 (2). Publisher's Version PDF

Pages