Education - Technology - Inequality

Working Paper
Goldin C, Katz LF. The Incubator of Human Capital: The NBER and the Rise of the Human Capital Paradigm. Working Paper. Publisher's VersionAbstract
The human capital construct is deep in the bones of economics and finds reference by many classical economists, even if they did not use the phrase. The term “human capital,” seldom mentioned in economics before the 1950s, increased starting in the 1960s and blossomed in the 1990s. The upsurge in NBER publications was even greater. Using EconLit codes from 1990 to 2019, the use of human capital among NBER books increased from 5% to 25%, whereas all economics books changed from 3% to 6%. For NBER working papers, 3% referenced human capital around 1990, but 10% have more recently. The figures for all economics articles are 4% and 6%. The NBER played an outsized role in the rise of the concept of human capital mainly because of the emphasis on empiricism at the NBER. We explore how the NBER was an incubator of human capital research and the ways human capital theory brought the NBER into the modern era of economics.
Goldin C, Katz LF. Mass Secondary Schooling and the State: The Role of State Compulsion in the High School Movement. In: Costa D, Lamoreaux N Understanding Long Run Economic Growth. Cambridge University Press ; 2011. PDF
Goldin C, Katz LF. Why the United States Led in Education: Lessons from Secondary School Expansion, 1910 to 1940. In: Eltis D, Lewis F, Sokoloff K Human Capital and Institutions: A Long-Run View. Cambridge University Press ; 2009. PDF
The Race Between Education and Technology.
Goldin C, Katz LF. The Race Between Education and Technology. Belknap Press for Harvard University Press; 2008.
Goldin C, Katz LF. Long-Run Changes in the U.S. Wage Stucture: Narrowing, Widening, Polarizing. Brookings Papers on Economic Activity. 2007;2. PDF
Delong BJ, Goldin C, Katz LF. Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth. In: Aaron HJ, Lindsay JM, Nivola PS Agenda for the Nation. Washington, D.C. The Brookings Institution ; 2003. pp. 17-60. PDF
Goldin C, Katz LF. The "Virtues" of the Past: Education in the First Hundred Years of the New Republic. 2003. PDF