Book and Article News

February 10, 2021


Article News



Sampson, Robert J. and Brian L. Levy. 2022. The Enduring Neighborhood Effect, Everyday Urban Mobility, and Violence in Chicago. University of Chicago Law Review 89(2): 323-347.


Sampson, Robert J. 2022. Legacies of Inequality, Legacy Lead Exposures, and Improving Population Well-being. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119 (e2202401119).


Levy, Brian L., Karl Vachuska, S. V. Subramanian, and Robert J. Sampson. 2022. Neighborhood Socioeconomic Inequality Based on Everyday Mobility Predicts Covid-19 Infection in San Francisco, Seattle, and Wisconsin. Science Advances 8:eabl3825.


Sampson, Robert J. and L. Ash Smith. 2021. Rethinking Criminal Propensity and Character: Cohort Inequalities and the Power of Social Change. Crime and Justice  50:13-74.

Neil, Roland, Robert J. Sampson, and Daniel S. Nagin. 2021. Social Change and Cohort Differences in Group-Based Arrest Trajectories over the Last Quarter-Century. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118: (31) e2107020118. See also Social Change and the Explanation of Criminal Offender Groups.

Neil, Roland and Robert J. Sampson. 2021. The Birth Lottery of History: Arrest over the Life Course of Multiple Cohorts Coming of Age, 1995-2018. American Journal of Sociology 126: March (5): 1127–1178.  See also, Best predictor of arrest rates? The 'birth lottery of history.'

Candipan, Jennifer, Nolan Edward Phillips, Robert J. Sampson, and Mario L. Small. 2021.From Residence to Movement: The Nature of Racial Segregation in Everyday Urban Mobility. Urban Studies 58: 3095–3117. Early online version:

Manduca, Robert and Robert J. Sampson. 2021. Childhood Exposure to Polluted Neighborhood Environments and Intergenerational Income Mobility, Teenage Birth, and Incarceration in the USA. Population and Environment 42: 501–523.


2020 :

Levy, Brian L., Nolan E. Phillips, and Robert J. Sampson. 2020. Triple Disadvantage: Neighborhood Networks of Everyday Urban Mobility and Violence in American Cities. American Sociological Review 85(6) 925 –956.


Sampson, Robert J. and Brian L. Levy. 2020. Beyond Residential Mobility: Mobility-Based Connectedness and Rates of Violence in Large Cities. Race and Social Problems 12:77-86.


Schachner, Jared and Robert J. Sampson. 2020. Skill-based Contextual Sorting: How Parental Cognition and Residential Mobility Produce Unequal Environments for Children. Demography 57:675-703.

Lessons and Current Challenges for Urban Sociologists. A Conversation with Robert J. Sampson. Niccolò Morelli, Robert J. Sampson. Sociologica 14: No. 1 (2020).



The City


Manduca, Robert, and Robert J. Sampson. 2019. Punishing and Toxic Neighborhood Environments Independently Predict the Intergenerational Social Mobility of Black and White Children. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116: 7772-7777. 

Sampson, Robert J. 2019. Neighborhood Effects and Beyond: Explaining the Paradoxes of Inequality in the Changing American Metropolis. Urban Studies 56: 3-32.

Nagin, Daniel S. and Robert J. Sampson. 2019. The Real Gold Standard: Measuring Counterfactual Worlds That Matter Most to Social Science and Policy.  Annual Review of Criminology 2: 123-145.  (Reprint for personal use, any further/multiple distribution, publication, or commercial usage of this copyrighted material requires submission of a permission request addressed to the Copyright Clearance Center,


2018 and earlier:

On The Theory of Race, Crime, and Urban Inequality:

Sampson, Robert J., William Julius Wilson, and Hanna Katz. 2018. “Reassessing ‘Toward a Theory of Race, Crime, and Urban Inequality’: Enduring and New Challenges in 21st Century America.Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race 15: 13–34.


New Perspectives on Social Isolation and Everyday Segregation:

Wang, Ryan Q., Nolan Phillips, Mario Luis Small, and Robert J. Sampson. 2018. “Urban Mobility and Neighborhood Isolation in America's 50 Largest Cities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 115: 7735–7740.

See also Richard Florida on “The Segregation of Our Everyday Lives” in Atlantic CityLab


Lead Exposure and Environmental Inequality:

Sampson, Robert J., and Alix S. Winter. 2018. “Poisoned Development: Assessing Lead Exposure as a Cause of Crime in a Birth Cohort Followed through Adolescence.” Criminology  56:269-301.

Muller, Christopher, Robert J. Sampson, and Alix S. Winter. 2018. “Environmental Inequality: The Social Causes and Consequences of Lead Exposure. Annual Review of Sociology, 44:263–82. 

Winter, Alix S., and Robert J. Sampson. 2017. "From Lead Exposure in Early Childhood to Adolescent Health: A Chicago Birth Cohort." American Journal of Public Health 107 (9): 1496-1501.

Sampson, Robert J. and Alix Winter. 2016. "The Racial Ecology of Lead Poisoning: Toxic Inequality in Chicago Neighborhoods, 1995-2013."  DuBois Review: Social Science Research on Race 13:2. See also, Toxic InequalityHarvard Gazette.


Urban Sustainability:

Sampson, Robert J. 2017. "Urban Sustainability in an Age of Enduring Inequalities: Advancing Theory and Ecometrics for the 21st-Century".  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.  (Early online).   See also, To Advance Sustainability, Fight InequalityHarvard Gazette.


Race and Economic Mobility:

Sampson, Robert J., Jared Schachner, and Robert D. Mare. 2017. “Urban Income Inequality and the Great Recession in Sunbelt Form: Disentangling Individual and Neighborhood-Level Change in Los Angeles.” RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences 3: 102-128.

Sampson, Robert J.  2016. "Individual and Community Economic Mobility in the Great Recession Era: The Spatial Foundations of Persistent Inequality".  Pp. 261-287 in Economic Mobility: Research and Ideas on Strengthening Families, Communities and the Economy.  St. Louis, MO: Federal Reserve Bank .

Sampson, Robert J.  2016.  "The Characterological Imperative: On Heckman, Humphries, and Kautz’s The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life."   Journal of Economic Literature 54(2): 493–513.   

Perkins, Kristin L. and Robert J. Sampson. 2015. "Compounded Deprivation in the Transition to Adulthood: The Intersection of Racial and Economic Inequality among Chicagoans, 1995-2013."RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences. 1 (1): 35-54. See also: "Electing to Ignore the Poorest of the Poor". By Eduardo Porter, New York Times, November 17, 2015. Ta-Nehisi Coates discusses compounded deprivation and criminal justice in The Atlantic. See The Black Family and Mass Incarceration.

Sampson, Robert J. 2015. “Move Up or Out? Confronting Compounded Deprivation.” Discussion 15 in NYU’s The Dream Revisited series (responses by Richard Florida, Rosanne Haggerty, and Michael Stoll).


Mixed-Income Neighborhoods and Inequality:

Sampson, Robert J., Robert D. Mare, and Kristin L. Perkins.  2015.  "Achieving the Middle Ground in an Age of Concentrated Extremes: Mixed Middle-Income Neighborhoods and Emerging Adulthood." ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 660: 156-174.

Sampson, Robert J. 2015.  "Move Up or Out? Confronting Compounded Deprivation."   Discussion 15 in NYU’s The Dream Revisited series (with responses by Richard Florida, Rosanne Haggerty, and Michael Stoll).  



Sampson, Robert J. 2015.  "Immigration and America’s Urban Revival."  American Prospect (July, 21-25).See also: "America’s Leading Immigrant Cities",  Atlantic CityLab.       


Disorder and “Broken Windows:”

O’Brien, Daniel and Robert J. Sampson. 2015.  "Public and Private Spheres of Neighborhood Disorder: Assessing Pathways to Violence Using Large-Scale Digital Records."   Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 52: 486-510. See also The Atlantic's CityLab website. 

O’Brien, Daniel, Robert J. Sampson, and Christopher Winship. 2015.  "Ecometrics in the Age of Big Data: Measuring and Assessing ‘Broken Windows’ Using Large-scale Administrative Records."  Sociological Methodology 45: 101-147.



Hwang,  Jackelyn and Robert Sampson.  2014. "Divergent Pathways of Gentrification: Racial Inequality and the Social Order of Renewal in Chicago Neighborhoods." American Sociological Review 79: 726-751.   See also:"A New View of Gentrification: Stark Findings in Google-enabled Study of Chicago Neighborhoods.”  Harvard



"Notes on Neighborhood Inequality and Urban Design."  Social Science Research Council: The Cities Papers.

The National Research Council has released "The Growth of Incarceration in the United States: Exploring Causes and Consequences."  Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press (2014).

Now available--paperback edition of Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect published June, 2013

Division Street, USA.  New York Times, October 26, 2013.

"When Disaster Strikes, It's Survival of the Sociable." Robert J. Sampson, Essay for "The Big Idea" Section, New Scientist (May 17, 2013)

Discover Magazine, "The Enduring Importance of Neighborhoods: A Sense of Trust is Key to Making Urban Neighborhoods Thrive." By Dan Hurley, April, 2013.

"Community Well-Being and the Great Recession."   Ann Owens and Robert J. Sampson, Pathways Magazine (Spring 2013) and the Russell Sage Foundation, Great Recession Brief.

The Atlantic, "Kind Neighbors Are Scarce, but Important." By Lindsay Abrams, March 2013.

Symposium on "Great American City and the Future of Urban Studies."  New York University, March 1, 2013.  

The New York Times featured Great American City in a story about a neighborhood in Chicago under challenge: "Diagnosis: Battered but Vibrant."  See also "Saving Chatham," "Chatham's Community Character," January 8, 2013.

New articles in 2013:  Sampson, Robert J. 2013. The Place of Context: A Theory and Strategy for Criminology's Hard Problems. Criminology 51: 1-31.  See also Kirk, David S, and Sampson, Robert J. 2013. Juvenile Arrest and Collateral Educational Damage in the Transition to Adulthood. Sociology of Education 86: 36–62.

The Chronicle of Higher Education on "The Neighborhood Effect" (November 2012).

Chicago Magazine on "Homicide, Social Efficacy, and Poverty in Chicago"  and "Does Segregation Make a City More Vulnerable to Crime?" (January 2013).

Chicago Ideas Week lecture on video: "Neighborhood Effects and the Contemporary City,"  October 9th, 2012.

The September 21st (2012) volume of Science Magazine has an article on the "Moving to Opportunity" experiment by Jens Ludwig et al. on "Neighborhood Effects on the Long-term Well-being of Low-Income  Adults," and an accompanying "Perspectives" on "Moving and the Neighborhood Glass Ceiling," by Sampson.  For access: Articles page.

For reviews, essays, and interviews about Great American City, click here.